Do you know how much essential the minerals are to us in our routine life? Yes, they play a vital role in our body activities as well as in all living substances. Minerals are naturally occurring compounds which are formed by the grouping of atoms together to form a compound like structure. In a recent study, there were around 5,300 minerals found in the universe. Minerals can be defined or distinguished in terms of chemical and physical properties. They are naturally occurring homogeneous solids with a definite chemical composition and physical properties. Minerals are a structure of a crystal in which a number of atoms are combined together to form a single compound that is arranged in an orderly, repeating three-dimensional pattern. In terms of chemical properties, each mineral combines with a specific number of elements to form many compounds or alloys like silicates, carbonates, oxides, and sulfates. Silicates are a combination of silicon and oxygen which are the most common elements found in earth’s crust joined together with other forms of elements like aluminum, magnesium, iron, and calcium combined together to form other compounds of silicates.
Types of minerals
Carbonates are the second most common element found in the universe which is the combination of carbon and oxygen. Next compound is the oxides which are the combination of oxygen and other elements like copper and tin. Sulphates commonly combine with salts or evaporating elements that allows sulfates and halides to precipitate like the evaporating water. Other minerals like graphite are used as pencils, rock salt used in cooking, zinc, calcium, magnesium and lot more essential minerals are used in body metabolic activities. Many researchers had undergone studies as well as started to collect rare and abundant minerals from the earth’s crust. Since there are 5,300 minerals, many have variance in color and crystal habits and some are extremely rare and impossible to come across. Many scientists had arranged these minerals in a systematic series or paragenetic series. The first mineral collection according to the series was done by Professor Palache in New England. He had undergone many micro mount collections consisting of small mineral specimens which can be viewed only through a microscope.
The purpose of collecting those minerals is to do research on them as there are many hidden secrets and unknown features about them. Each mineral has its own specifications and features. Researchers undergo a detailed study by collecting those minerals on the basis of following factors based on specific location or regions, belonging to a specific group or class, belonging to crystal group, certain identical properties and rare specifications, variances of a single mineral type, and lot more. Moreover, minerals are classified into thumbnails and micro mounts. Both these types are stored in a plastic covered boxes, but the only difference is, micro mounts are mounted on the Lisri Systems microscope as they are invisible to the naked eyes and thumbnails are kept as it is. During this process, a part of the big crystals was brought to the research center and those tiny crystals show near-perfect crystallization which can be beautifully viewed through the microscopes. Moreover, the specimens before taking from that particular place, the researchers used to enter some details like crystal’s name, place of origin, its identity, group or class, and lot more. It is then kept inside within the plastic box or over the box for easy identification while kept for display. Storing those identical minerals depend on personal preference and financial considerations. The best way to display those minerals is by keeping them in a well-lit glass breakfront so that beauty of the minerals can be displayed.
The process of extraction of minerals from the earth’s crust including seas is called as mining. Mining involves extraction of specific minerals with few exceptions, like inorganic substance occurring in nature that has a definite chemical composition and distinctive molecular structure. Ores like metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay were mined directly from the underground. Since mining has been a pre-historic activity, many advanced technologies have been used in recent times in order to reduce the man work and increase the machine work for a greater speed. Even though mining operations create a negative impact to the environment, worker safety has been increased using this machinery and moreover, most of the mining industries were located apart from cities to avoid further damages and pollution. Using these modern practices increase the safety in Online food Ordering System mines as well as individual’s safety. Mining is of two type namely surface mining and sub-surface mining. In most of the countries, surface mining is becoming more common where 85% of the minerals apart from petroleum and natural gas were mined easily. Even though minerals were extracted, at some point some minerals like potash, potassium, sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, and lot more are being vaporized due to their dissolving nature in water. There are many mining industries in the world where they are situated from the rural and urban areas apart from mingling with people’s residences. Subsurface mining can be further classified as underground mining, longwall mining, and lot more. Underground mining or drift mining involves digging of tunnels into the earth to reach buries ore deposits. Advanced techniques like mantrip are used for transporting the collected ores within the underground mine. The high wall is a type of surface mining which uses caterpillar high wall miner as it is operated with the help of video imaging or gamma ray sensor that identifies the ore’s presence under the crust. It is mainly used to extract coal and natural gas.